Everyone’s eyes from the trucking and transportation industry are on Tesla, as Tesla dispatches its new electric semi truck today. The fundamental inquiries appear to rotate around what the new semi wants to offer and the potential ramifications electric trucks could have on the trucking business.
Tesla’s Semi- In a Nutshell
“A lot of people don’t think you can do a heavy-duty, long-range truck that’s electric, but we are confident that this can be done” Elon Musk said at Tesla’s annual meeting in June.
– Class 8 semi truck with limited self-driving capabilities, not expected to have a sleeper berth.
– Capable of traveling 200-300 miles with a typical payload before recharging.
– Will share core elements similar to the Model 3, which uses cheaper electric motors that would, in turn, give the semis unparalleled electric torque for getting quickly up to speed with a heavy load.
– Considering a 600-mile range and some rough maths, it can be estimated that it would need a 1193 kWh battery: roughly 12, P100D battery packs: at $100/kwh that’s $120,000 battery.
The Perk Of Tesla’s Electric Trucks
– Transportation firms looking to reduce their emissions and operating costs have a high interest in electric trucks.
– Unlike internal combustion engines, electric motors require less maintenance.
– Fuel from an electric grid is far cheaper as compared to diesel.
– Electric vehicles don’t need oil and fluid changes, and the brakes won’t need to be replaced as often because of regenerative brakes that convert kinetic energy into stored battery power.
– Tesla could become a major truck manufacturer if it can sell about 25,000 trucks a year. Morgan Stanley Analyst, Adam Jonas estimates the company could add $2.5 billion in annual revenue just by capturing 10 percent of the total U.S. new truck market.Currently in North America alone, the largest heavy-duty freight trucks—Class 8 semis—account for about $30 billion in sales each year, or more than 250,000 new trucks, according to industry data tracked by Bloomberg.
– Stations might be setup where drivers could either perform a flash charge of a smaller battery or take advantage of a battery-swapping system ie trading a drained battery for one that’s already ready to go. Overall reducing the time taken for fuel recharge.
– Tesla is planning to create autonomous self-driving semi-trucks that will follow a technique known as ‘Platooning’.Trucks in a ‘Platoon’ will automatically follow the lead vehicle thereby reducing wind drag and cutting labor expenses.
Cost of the electric trucking future
– If we were to consider an electric sedan or even an SUV, 200-300 miles on a single charge seems apt. However, it’s just about a third of what a standard semi-truck with a diesel combustion engine would be able to travel with, some capable of traveling around 1000 miles on a full tank.
– An electric truck with a range of 600 miles would approximately require a 14 ton battery, Which would cost between $120k- $290k for just the battery pack. This is nearly double the price of a standard class 8 truck.
– Trucks can carry up to 40 tons as per federal rules. Subtracting the estimated weight from components such as the battery pack, cab, wheels, and trailers – Tesla’s new semi would be able to carry about 9 tons of Cargo, which is two-thirds of the average payload hauled, being around 16 tons.
– In order to factor these estimates, Tesla would have to maintain its reduced range(200-300 miles) to favor more load carrying capacity.
A Rising Trend – Electrick Trucks
Significant truck manufacturers have been pushing rival electric truck projects, as less distance and lighter payloads require less battery power, and trucks can revive at a recharge point overnight.
Daimler will start generation of an electric delivery truck that will have a 100-mile run and be equipped for conveying a payload of 9,400 pounds.UPS is at present testing their class 6, hydrogen cell based electric trucks for short pulling inside urban communities. Improvement of the underlying van was around $3.6 million. UPS wants to manufacture and send 16 more Class 6 fuel cell-powered device vans in the UPS armada before the finish of 2018.
Daimler AG and United Parcel Service Inc seem to be banking on the fact that batteries will become cheaper over time and with environmental regulation increasing year by year, the case for electric trucks could strengthen.
Developments like these could shake the establishment of the trucking business and countries alike, which should roll out some huge improvements throughout the following couple of years to battle consistently expanding natural directions and in addition to stay aware of individual countries pledging to ban gas-powered vehicles and switching to electric powered vehicles by 2040.